After years of instability, who are the main players fighting it out in Libya and why? Libya's deputy envoy to the UN: 'What's happening is genocide' Colonel Gaddafi's 40-year military rule is under increasing pressure amid more protests and defections from the regime. Collective wisdom was that Haftar would wait and capture the country through the ballot box. Currently, the western half of the country is being “led” by a UN-backed government based out of Tripoli, but it has struggled to actually assert control over the city as its been carved up by warring militias. But holding onto it will be difficult—the militias operating in Tripoli have been fighting amongst themselves, but may be convinced to combine forces to repel Haftar’s assault. Two factions are fighting in a civil war, which started in 2014. The One Thing to Say About It at a Drinks Party: Libya is a stark reminder that for all the soaring rhetoric, democracy works best when it is the culmination of genuine political reform rather than its starting point. First of all, I wish you all a Happy New Year, full with investments and big profits. He seems to have opted to do so via violence instead. Under Gaddafi’s brutal rule, Libya had one of the highest standards of living in Africa. Please try again later. 10 years ago. 3 Jan 2021 Slovakia’s former foreign minister Jan Kubis will succeed Ghassan Salame as the UN’s new envoy to war-stricken Libya. Now, the war economy has sent costs skyrocketing, and there are widespread problems with … Libya’s powerful interior minister says he is relieved by Biden’s victory, ready to work with president-elect. There’s been no shortage of drama in North Africa these last couple weeks following the ousters of longtime rulers in both Algeria and Sudan. Haftar has repeatedly voiced the opinion that Libya is not ready for democracy. It is headed by Sarraj, who is from a Turkish family. By signing up you are agreeing to our, How War in Libya Became an Internationalized Battle, Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know now on politics, health and more, © 2021 TIME USA, LLC. This cannot be walked back overnight.” –Jalel Harchaoui, Clingendael Institute research fellow. After Haftar declared victory over ISIS in Libya in 2017, the international community has been talking about a political resolution to Libya’s current civil war, but seemed to accept that Haftar would be a major political player in Libya’s future and began orienting itself in that direction. The National. Ten years ago, protests swept across Arab nations that changed the course of history. The visit to hold talks with the UN-recognised gov’t was the first for senior Egyptian officials to Tripoli since 2014. 2 Answers. Two governments are vying for control of Libya. So it’s really no surprise that Libyans have simply had enough, and have decided now is the time to protest once more. But Libya’s story is much more complicated—and instructive—than its impact on energy markets. Here's a Formula That Explains Where We Need to Invest in Climate Innovation. Haftar used to be a close ally of Gaddafi before the two had a falling out in the 1980s; Haftar fled the country, and lived in Virginia for nearly 20 years (spending some of that time employed by the CIA) before returning to Libya to help in Gaddafi’s overthrow. By Kaisha Langton. After eight years of the factional violence in Libya, leader of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) Khalifa Haftar has surfaced as the strongest war-lord, presently vying for the control of the Libyan capital in Tripoli. Could Amsterdam's New Economic Theory Replace Capitalism? Nobody does political profiles like the New Yorker—read this one on Khalifa Haftar from 2015. Not only is Libya a popular transit route for migrants and refugees, but it is quickly becoming a region where many become trapped. The escalating violence explained . It’s been nearly a decade since Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was deposed, and after an initial burst of optimism from both Libyans and the international community—not to mention legislative elections held in the wake of Gaddafi’s ouster—the political situation in Libya has gone from bad to worse. As opposed to those militias in Libya’s east that Haftar was able to peel off to his side by playing them off each other and addressing their localized concerns, the ones operating in Tripoli have long-standing grievances against the Gaddafi era, and are more concerned that Haftar will simply end up being Gaddafi 2.0. Five facts you need to know. What’s happening in Libya? The youngsters there, well, let's just say, got inspired by the uprisings in Egypt and all and are now rising against Ghadhafi. Water outages have also become a common occurrence for many. People living in Tripoli are caught in the midst of clashes between heavily armed groups, putting them at risk of serious harm. In Libya’s south, Tebu, Tuareg, and Arab armed groups continued to clash for control of territory and resources. A renegade Libyan general has ordered troops to advance on the country's capital Tripoli. The Quick Read About… What's Happening in Libya. In recent years it has faced increasing diplomatic, and now material and military support from Turkey. Q&A: What’s happening in Libya? Please attempt to sign up again. From the remnants of Libya’s army, he cobbled together a fighting force now known as the Libyan National Army, strategically adding personnel and equipment (some of which came from foreign powers looking to curry favor) as the force grew—no one knows the exact number of people or weapons in his command at present. Following his appointment, Abusahmain was tasked with providing security. Libya starts using new exchange rate as economy struggles Central Bank devalues the country’s currency in a bid to save the faltering economy damaged by years of conflict. The GNC itself was attacked many times by militias and armed protesters who stormed the GNC assembly hall. By GILLIAN MOHNEY. Ocean Viking ship rescues hundreds of migrants off Libya coast, Libyan navy intercepts more than 80 Europe-bound migrants: UN, Ten more bodies discovered in Libya mass grave, Dozens of migrants killed in shipwreck off Libya’s coast, Libya: UN chief urges foreign fighters to leave by Saturday, Libya talks make progress towards new temporary government: UN, UN Security Council approves new Libya envoy, Lockerbie bomber’s family lose appeal against his conviction, Libya’s rival governments discuss unifying 2021 budget, Libya minister: ‘Hopes greatly lifted’ by Biden’s victory, Libya starts using new exchange rate as economy struggles, Egyptian delegation visits Libyan capital for talks with GNA, Turkey warns Haftar against attacking its forces in Libya, Al Jazeera Centre for Public Liberties & Human Rights. Also, I wish more peace in the world and an end to this pandemic My first post this year will not be about crypto. PUBLISHED: 19:24, Mon, Aug 5, 2019 | UPDATED: 19:46, Mon, Aug 5, 2019. The announcement of a date for elections in Libya comes as the House of Representatives, the High Council of State, and the Constituent Drafting Body reiterated that the draft constitution is now in the hands of the Libyan people, who have the sole right to accept or reject it through a public referendum. These are all very different countries in different stages of political development. Or is it only the pause that occurs again and again, before multiple boats leave at the same time? Part of the purpose of the conference was to establish a constitutional framework for those upcoming elections. Haftar is making his play for Tripoli, and the fact that he has the best-equipped fighting force in the country means that he has a good shot at taking the city. That alone would be enough to make people pay attention to the country’s political situation. Defence Minister Hulusi Akar visits Libya, says Turkey will retaliate against any attack by rebel general Haftar. facebook shares. That UN conference has now been postponed indefinitely. To understand what is happening in Libya today, we have to go back to 2011 and the protests that kicked it all off. N.B. What is happening in Libya 2020? In libya there are oil spills and the war going on right now about the government No, but there is a revolution happening. They have been concentrating most of their bets on one key figure for almost half a decade. Anyway, it’s confusing without a bit of research, so don’t fear, Maria is near and did the research for you. Libya is now in the midst of an electricity crisis, with frequent power outages that can last for days, with no warning. It helps that Haftar is an avowed opponent of Islamic extremism, too. That’s when Haftar made his move, to everyone’s shock. So far, 47 people have been killed according to the WHO and the violence shows no sign of stopping. At present, the Egyptian army is on high alert, security measures on the border with Libya have been strengthened, the necessary forces and equipment have been transferred to the Libyan border and the army’s air bases and field camps closest to Libya. April 10, 2019. But the other story you need to be paying close attention to is the current push being made by General Khalifa Haftar to capture the Libyan capital of Tripoli. Libyans had grown tired and frustrated with living under a tightly controlled and corrupt dictatorship. An unexpected error has occurred with your sign up. We aren’t. In Libya, Ghadhafi had been ruling the country for decades like in Egypt. All Rights Reserved. Two recent developments are of interest to us in the context of Libya. Donate Now. As Haftar’s forces co… Central Bank devalues the country’s currency in a bid to save the faltering economy damaged by years of conflict. The Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA), led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, is recognized by the United Nations and backed by a host of militias. There are at least 1500 people trapped in detention facilities in Libya right now, with the actual figure expected to be much higher. Al-Megrahi’s family and some relatives of the Scottish victims have always doubted his guilt. Tripoli-based finance ministry says both sides will work on a final draft for the 2021 budget in the coming days. NewsNow aims to be the world's most accurate and comprehensive aggregator of Libya news, covering the latest politics, sports, business news and more from the best online news publications. The answer is simple, that this answer will apply to all dictators of North Africa, middle east and the gulf that think and believe that the country and its wealth and people are all their property, therefore can do anything they want with it. A total of 374 migrants have been rescued in two days, said SOS Mediterranee, which operates Ocean Viking aid vessel. France, which has historical ties to the county in addition to substantial oil interests, stepped up to help Haftar in his fight against ISIS, which ended up conferring him a certain amount of international legitimacy. That combined with the recent political developments in Algeria and Sudan, we are on the cusp of a new political “spring” of sorts. Every story from every site is brought to you automatically and continuously 24/7, within around 10 minutes of publication. Favorite Answer . More like for my Middle Eastern politics class, so you may feel a little bored reading this. The latest breaking news, comment and features from The Independent. Berber. The big question is: what is happening inside Libya, behind the blurred coast line, which we can hardly identify in our binoculars on good days? Haftar launched an advance towards the Libyan capital on April 4 in order to capture power from Fayez al-Sarraj-led Government of National Accord (GNA) which is recognised by the United Nations. Renegade general Khalifa Haftar has declared Libya’s UN-backed government in Tripoli ‘void’, saying it has no mandate. Last week, the UN Secretary General was in Tripoli for preparations for an upcoming peace summit ahead of elections slated for the end of this year. Water outages have also become a common occurrence for many. Dictator Muammar Quaddafi is the cause. Amidst all the chaos, an ISIS branch sprung up in the country as well. Libya was in no shape to transition to a functioning democracy so abruptly, and the last decade or so has made that all too clear. 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