of radiance that I could see no thing. Paradiso Canto II:106-148 The Diffusion of the Divine Spirit ‘Now, I wish to illuminate you, who are stripped in mind, as the surface of the snow is stripped of colour and coldness by the stroke of the sun’s warm rays, with light so living it will tremble, as you gaze at it. Paradiso, commento e riassunto in prosa dal canto 15 al canto 22. Canto 23. Then, having formed the M of the fifth word, But such a bird nests in that cowl, that if With a comforting voice, she explains that the souls up here are devout, zealous Christians. Soothes him, and he is cheer'd; for thus she spake, Soothing me: "Know'st not thou, thou art in heav'n? Beatrice now returns to her place in the rose, signifying that Dante has passed beyond theology in directly contemplating God,[47] and St. Bernard, as a mystical contemplative, now guides Dante further (Canto XXXI), describing the heavenly rose and its occupants. Buy now. because, as you have seen, my loveliness a sun was born into the world, much like like Semele when she was turned to ashes, As a student in Rome, he was dismayed by the moral degeneracy he observed in the city and ran off (at age 14) to live an ascetic, solitary life in a cave in mountains east of Rome (Subiaco). There is a history of monasticism traced in the pages of the Commedia, and in this heaven Dante sketches two distinctive and important moments in that history. Zamponi recita Dante 359 ... DOSSIER UFO - Dalla preistoria al caso roswell ad oggi - Duration: 45:22. Heaven of the moon. However, for Dante's benefit (and the benefit of his readers), he is "as a sign"[3] shown various souls in planetary and stellar spheres that have some appropriate connotation. Plot Summary. Thomas Aquinas recounts the life of St. Francis of Assisi, and his love for "Lady Poverty" (Canto XI): Between Topino's stream and that which flows The sphere of the Fixed Stars is the sphere of the church triumphant. Vows should therefore not be taken lightly, and should be kept once given – unless keeping the vow would be a greater evil, as with Jephthah's and Agamemnon's sacrifice of their daughters (Canto V).[9]. It is an allegory telling of Dante's journey through Heaven, guided by Beatrice, who symbolises theology. Because of its proximity to the sun, the planet Mercury is often difficult to see. 33 × 26 cm. of sight so that the eye is then too weak Paradiso Introduction + Context. how hard a path it is for one who goes [5] Consequently, the sphere of the Moon is that of souls who abandoned their vows, and so were deficient in the virtue of fortitude (Canto II). It is Benedict the Christian Saint (c480-543) and founder of the oldest Western monastic order, the Benedictines. the planet that is courted by the sun, In life, these souls didn’t withdraw entirely from the world’s concerns; they were (and still are) deeply distressed by earthly injustices. Divine Comedy: Paradiso Canto 22. [7], Beatrice explains that a vow is a pact "drawn between a man / and God,"[8] in which a person freely offers up his free will as a gift to God. where Gabriel's open wings were reverent. but it serves as the measure for the rest, Paradiso: Canto 22 Summary & Analysis Next. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. This list includes philosophers, theologians and a king, and has representatives from across Europe. seemed to be changing. at Porta Sole, while behind it sorrow The Primum Mobile is the abode of angels, and here Dante sees God as an intensely bright point of light surrounded by nine rings of angels (Canto XXVIII). Beatrice gently reproves him for staring. Struggling with distance learning? The prayer, she adds, will be answered during Dante's lifetime. God appears as three equally large circles occupying the same space, representing the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit:[49], but through my sight, which as I gazed grew stronger, [13], Dante meets Charles Martel of Anjou, who was known to him,[14] and who points out that a properly functioning society requires people of many different kinds. Paradiso by Dante Alighieri Plot Summary | LitCharts. As with his Purgatory, the structure of Dante's Heaven is therefore of the form 9+1=10, with one of the ten regions different in nature from the other nine. Such differences are illustrated by Cunizza da Romano (lover of Sordello), who is here in Heaven, while her brother Ezzelino III da Romano is in Hell, among the violent of the seventh circle.[15]. for of the shepherd it has made a wolf. Summer Term 2021: Monday evenings from 6.00-7.30pm . Canto per Canto: Paradiso, Canto 22. Paradise Canto XXII: (Seventh Heaven: Sphere of Saturn) Dante comes to, and Beatrice coddles him like a concerned mother. It is moved directly by God, and its motion causes all the spheres it encloses to move[42] (Canto XXVII): This heaven has no other where than this: They enter the part of the sphere which contains the astronomical sign under which Dante was born. Woodblock Engraving on BFK Rives Paper. Paradiso Canto 23 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. The first three spheres (which fall within the shadow of the Earth) are associated with deficient forms of Fortitude, Justice, and Temperance. Paradiso: Canto XXVI While I was doubting for my vision quenched, Out of the flame refulgent that had quenched it Issued a breathing, that attentive made me, Saying: "While thou recoverest the sense Of seeing which in me thou hast consumed, 'Tis well that speaking thou shouldst compensate it. Now that Dante has passed through the level assigned to contemplatives, Dante’s own vision is transformed so that he can see the world in its proper (small) proportion next to the heavens. Readers will also find recordings of all the liturgical pieces and hymns mentioned in this canticle. These are the souls of:[17]. Twelve new bright lights appear, one of which is St. Bonaventure, a Franciscan, who recounts the life of St. Dominic, founder of the order to which Aquinas belonged. Plot Summary. Therefore let him who names this site not say By association, Beatrice discourses on the Incarnation and the Crucifixion of Christ, which occurred during Roman times (Canto VII). In Canto XXI, Dante and Virgil make their way to the fifth chasm, which is very dark and filled with boiling pitch. God’s Character and Will. Ascesi, which would be to say too little, the mind of God, in which are kindled both they could have fled back to their holy shelter. can draw a triangle with no right angle.[20]. [9] Here Dante meets the Emperor Justinian, who introduces himself with the words "Caesar I was and am Justinian,"[10] indicating that his personality remains, but that his earthly status no longer exists in Heaven[11] (Canto V). The waxing and waning of the moon is associated with inconstancy. these drew me from the sea of twisted love Instead her speech to me The leaves enleaving all the garden of From the Primum Mobile, Dante ascends to a region beyond physical existence, the Empyrean, which is the abode of God. St. Dante and Beatrice now enter the heavenly sphere of the fixed stars, the eighth and last of the starry spheres through which they’ll pass. down from the hill the blessed Ubaldo chose, those spirits kept their order; Jupiter's Detailed Summary & Analysis Canto 1 Canto 2 Canto 3 Canto 4 Canto 5 Canto 6 Canto 7 Canto 8 Canto 9 Canto 10 Canto 11 Canto 12 Canto 13 Canto 14 Canto 15 Canto 16 Canto 17 Canto 18 Canto 19 Canto 20 Canto 21 Canto 22 Canto 23 Canto 24 Canto 25 Canto 26 Canto 27 Canto 28 Canto 29 Canto 30 Canto … 13 × 10 1/5 in. that, as it flashed, your mortal faculty These are associated by Dante with the nine levels of the angelic hierarchy. Dante compares the pitch to the material used to caulk the seams of ships. who was the first to turn against his Maker, [31] Dante here meets Peter Damian, and discusses with him monasticism, the doctrine of predestination, and the sad state of the Church[32] (Cantos XXI and XXII). [51] In a flash of understanding, which he cannot express, Dante does finally see this, and his soul becomes aligned with God's love:[49], But already my desire and my will [52], Alessandro Sorrentino reads the XXXIII chant of Dante's Paradise, Fifth Sphere (Mars: The Warriors of the Faith), Seventh Sphere (Saturn: The Contemplatives), Eighth Sphere (The Fixed Stars: Faith, Hope, and Love), Ninth Sphere (The Primum Mobile: The Angels), Cary/Longfellow/Mandelbaum parallel edition, The Wood of the Self-Murderers: The Harpies and the Suicides, Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta Appraised by Dante and Virgil, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paradiso_(Dante)&oldid=1001839279, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Audiobooks: Public domain recordings from LibriVox (, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 16:33. This is the "great flower" to which Dante alludes in this canto, and which he will describe in greater detail in Canto 32. was turned to Christianity, that is O-68 Velp. The Divine Comedy ends with Dante trying to understand how the circles fit together, and how the humanity of Christ relates to the divinity of the Son but, as Dante puts it, "that was not a flight for my wings". but acts as nature acts when fire ascends, [34] From here (in fact, from the constellation Gemini, under which he was born), Dante looks back on the seven spheres he has visited, and on the Earth (Canto XXII): My eyes returned through all the seven spheres The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Within the Sun, which is the Earth's source of illumination, Dante meets the greatest examples of prudence: the souls of the wise, who help to illuminate the world intellectually[17] (Canto X). proof no thing else attests these works to you. from there Perugia feels both heat and cold elsewhere, can truly be called virtuous.[35]. for party: it is hard to see who is worse. or if, within a semicircle, one shoots first. those rays described the venerable sign the good plant once a vine and now a thorn.[37]. and not to know the number of the angels The twenty-four bright lights revolve around Dante and Beatrice, singing of the Trinity, and Aquinas explains the surprising presence of King Solomon, who is placed here for kingly, rather than philosophical or mathematical wisdom (Cantos XIII and XIV): My words did not prevent your seeing clearly the Everlasting Gardener, I love *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. and mine, the death that He sustained that I that sole appearance, even as I altered, and just as long as they can raise a laugh, [25] In response to a question from Dante, Cacciaguida speaks the truth bluntly. Beatrice’s prophesies. with living knowledge I have spoken of He is careful to say that these all actually live in bliss with God in the Empyrean: But all those souls grace the Empyrean; 23 hrs "In the heaven of Saturn, Dante encounters the founder of the Benedictine order. Present in this sphere are David, Hezekiah, Trajan (converted to Christianity according to a medieval legend), Constantine, William II of Sicily, and (to Dante's amazement) Ripheus the Trojan, a pagan saved by the mercy of God. as lies the pardons in which they confide.[44]. Thomas Aquinas. on high or, if combined with a contingent, Vision, Knowledge, and the Pursuit of God . the people saw it, they would recognize The first three spheres (which fall within the shadow of the Earth) are associated with deficient forms of Fortitude, Justice, and Temperance. [45] Angels fly around the rose like bees, distributing peace and love. Allegorically, the poem represents the soul's ascent to God. 19 April - Paradiso, Canto I. [24] Cacciaguida praises the twelfth-century Republic of Florence, and bemoans the way in which the city has declined since those days (Cantos XV and XVI). so great a miracle that, all the rest The cry he heard in Canto 21, Beatrice now explains, was a prayer for vengeance upon those who are corrupting the Church. Canto 21 underscores the extreme nature of Dante's sensory experiences in Paradise. In the poem, Paradise is depicted as a series of concentric spheres surrounding the Earth, consisting of the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the Fixed Stars, the Primum Mobile and finally, the Empyrean. produces and distributes the damned flower but all of them were of the same dimension; NYU Department of Italian Studies posted an episode of Canto per Canto. Paradiso canto 22° [Alighieri, Dante] on Amazon.com.au. In his reply, Dante refers back to the concept of "twisted love" discussed in the Purgatorio[40] (Canto XXVI): Thus I began again: My charity This is an editioned multiple. of it, before his term of warring ends.[39]. necesse ever can produce necesse, Creation and God’s Providence. 22 March - Purgatorio, Canto XXXIII. [6] Beatrice discourses on the freedom of the will, the sacredness of vows, and the importance of not collaborating with force (Canto IV): for will, if it resists, is never spent, Share. Teachers and parents! The next four are associated with positive examples of Prudence, Fortitude, Justice, and Temperance; while Faith, Hope, and Love appear together in the eighth sphere. Edition 2309/4765. were being turned like a wheel, all at one speed, are studied as their margins clearly show. the love that turns it and the force it rains. who has more hope than he has, as is written Every canto of Paradiso contains visual material, keyed to specific passages. All the souls he has met in Heaven, including Beatrice, have their home in this rose. which, even as we climb the steps of this this is the arrow that the bow of exile and hungry when you found the field and sowed Make offer. https://www.facebook.com/ItalianStudiesNYU/videos/441722770346699 Paradise | Canto 22 | Summary. though force a thousand times tries to compel. [46], Dante sees an enormous rose, symbolising divine love,[45] the petals of which are the enthroned souls of the faithful (both those of the Old Testament and those of the New). this sign and justice are bad followers.[12]. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Paradiso, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. The viator’s encounter with Benedict is an opportunity for the poet to utter a critique of the degeneration of the order. eternal palace, blazes with more brightness so, constellated in the depth of Mars, As Beatrice ascends, her beauty and splendor shine forth ever more strongly, and Dante gives up trying to describe how lovely she is. The Primum Mobile ("first moved" sphere) is the last sphere of the physical universe. It was written in the early 14th century. with yellow lilies; others claim that emblem The Love that calms this heaven always welcomes into Jerusalem that he have vision Click to copy Summary. thus it is granted him to come from Egypt In this lecture, we discuss (a) the inability for a human mind to comprehend the intricacies of free will and predestination; (b) we consider the contemplative nature of Saturn, and we conclude by (c) considering how and why institutions and people "start well" but "end poorly" in the world. even as half and fifth determine ten;[43]. Earthly and Heavenly Justice. Paradiso Introduction + Context. [21] The millions of sparks of light that are the souls of these warriors form a Greek cross on the planet Mars, and Dante compares this cross to the Milky Way (Canto XIV): As, graced with lesser and with larger lights [27] The souls here spell out the Latin for "Love justice, ye that judge the earth", after which the final "M" of that sentence is transformed into the shape of a giant imperial eagle[27] (Canto XVIII): DILIGITE IUSTITIAM were the verb Paradiso Paradise Canto XXII: (Seventh Heaven: Sphere of Saturn) By Dante Alighieri. this sun when it is climbing from the Ganges. Paradiso canto 22° The very thing that needs the Gospels served them as both shield and lance. 207-08): The openings of both cantos 12 and 13 are lyrical explosions dedicated to impressing upon us the unity of the two circles, a unity that has just been shattered by the preceding biographies, with their relentless privileging—and denial—of difference. to make the candle ready for its flame. to act on other things it would perceive, might live, and that which is the hope of all I turn'd me, like the chill, who always runs. Meditation LXXXIX: Paradiso Canto XXII MedLXXXIX:1 Saint Benedict: Paradiso Canto XXII:1 Beatrice, in the image of mother and child, reassures Dante that vengeance will be taken on the corrupt Papacy. it has abetted force as these souls did: My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”. by the Love which moves the sun and the other stars. The final ritual of Dante’s spiritual cleansing. The Empyrean is non-material. She also praises the experimental method in general (Canto II): Yet an experiment, were you to try it, Ascent to the heaven of fire. Their earthly glory pales into insignificance beside the glory of God, just as Mercury pales into insignificance beside the sun. Seeing Dante's fear and astonishment, Beatrice consoles him: "Do you not know that you're in Heaven now?" were it not tempered here, would be so brilliant The nine spheres are concentric, as in the standard medieval geocentric model of cosmology,[1] which was derived from Ptolemy. Language and the Ineffable. seemed fire breathed equally by those two circles. Read by Julia Tomkin in Hungarian in the Chapel of Trinity College Dublin 11th December 2015. The sphere of Saturn is that of the contemplatives, who embody temperance. silver, at that point, seemed embossed with gold.[28]. into Itself with such a salutation, Let Ghibellines pursue their undertakings Here Dante and Beatrice meet Piccarda, sister of Dante's friend Forese Donati, who died shortly after being forcibly removed from her convent. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Dante also relies on traditional associations, such as the one between Venus and romantic love. Nocera and Gualdo under their hard yoke. I describe the narrative texture of Paradiso as the poet’s sapient oscillation between these two modes in The Undivine Comedy (pp. Francis of Assisi. smiled at its scrawny image: I approve The setting of the Divine Comedy in the year 1300, before Dante's exile, has allowed characters in the poem to "foretell" bad things for Dante. [50], Within these circles Dante can discern the human form of Christ. Canto 22.28-96 A major figure in the history of Christianity, Benedict (c. 480 - c. 547) is considered the father of the Western monastic tradition. Paradiso Introduction + Context. and noun that first appeared in that depiction; according to the good He gave to them.[41]. The central image of the Empyrean is a vast, luminous white rose, with God at the center and the saints arrayed around Him in concentric "petals." Finally! He condemns the city of Florence (planted, he says, by Satan) for producing that "damned flower" (the florin) which is responsible for the corruption of the Church, and he criticises the clergy for their focus on money, rather than on Scripture and the writings of the Church Fathers (Canto IX): Your city, which was planted by that one in the third epicycle, Cyprian for wisdom that would serve his royal task The planet Mars is traditionally associated with the God of War, and so Dante makes this planet the home of the warriors of the Faith, who gave their lives for God, thereby displaying the virtue of fortitude. Paradiso Canto 11 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. [16], Beyond the shadow of the Earth, Dante deals with positive examples of Prudence, Justice, Temperance, and Fortitude. 17 May - Paradiso, Canto XVII. came the reply. the heart to turn to God; the world's existence Beatrice explains the creation of the universe, and the role of the angels, ending with a forceful criticism of the preachers of the day (Canto XXIX): Christ did not say to his first company: The planet Jupiter is traditionally associated with the king of the gods, so Dante makes this planet the home of the rulers who displayed justice. Dante meets his ancestor Cacciaguida, who served in the Second Crusade. Certificate of authenticity. as it surrounds the rest and that enclosing, the one whose envy cost us many tears appeared to me; they had three different colors, While the structures of the Inferno and Purgatorio were based around different classifications of sin, the structure of the Paradiso is based on the four cardinal virtues (Prudence, Justice, Temperance, and Fortitude) and the three theological virtues (Faith, Hope, and Charity). The next four are associated with positive examples of Prudence, Fortitude, J… This temporary blinding has a side effect, however, as Dante can now tolerate the comparably mild radiance of Beatrice's smile. the fair sent down her rays of frenzied love, Beholding pale and breathless, with her voice. Avicenna and Ptolemy seem to share this opinion with Aristotle.[23]. When visiting the Moon, Beatrice explains to Dante the reasons for the markings on its surface, describing a simple scientific experiment in optics. essence of that exalted Light, three circles Benedict was the sixth-century founder of Monte Cassino, the first monastery in the Western Church. from a high peak there hangs a fertile slope; If we divide Paradiso 33, searching for the narrative structure that it resists, we begin by distinguishing the oratorical prelude of the canto’s first third, its first 45 verses, from the ensuing story of the pilgrim’s final ascent. results from all those things whose bite can bring They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. that turns both sheep and lambs from the true course, … but Orient, if he would name it rightly.[18]. Genre Learning. Paradiso Canto 17 Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. St. Peter tests Dante on faith, asking what it is, and whether Dante has it. The canto opens with a mock-heroic passage that continues the military imagery from Inferno 21 and is a repertory of different kinds of military communication and semiosis. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. that it was as a king that he had asked of others' bread, how salt it is, and know You are to know the bitter taste or si est dare primum motum esse, Share. 10 May - Paradiso, Canto XI. Detailed Summary & Analysis Canto 1 Canto 2 Canto 3 Canto 4 Canto 5 Canto 6 Canto 7 Canto 8 Canto 9 Canto 10 Canto 11 Canto 12 Canto 13 Canto 14 Canto 15 Canto 16 Canto 17 Canto 18 Canto 19 Canto 20 Canto 21 Canto 22 Canto 23 Canto 24 Canto 25 Canto 26 Canto 27 Canto 28 Canto 29 Canto 30 Canto … Shocked by the overwhelming cry of lament. Dante's nine spheres of Heaven are the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the Fixed Stars, and the Primum Mobile. Unlike the nine lower levels, which are imagined as physical places, the Empyrean exists outside time and space. could free you from your cavil, and the source Divina Commedia. Paradiso Introduction + Context. The troubadour Folquet de Marseilles speaks of the temptations of love, and points out that (as was believed at the time) the cone of the Earth's shadow just touches the sphere of Venus. No other heaven measures this sphere's motion, Paradiso, Canto XXII. are set aside and only the Decretals descending and ascending others' stairs.[26]. Our, LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Vision, Knowledge, and the Pursuit of God. Dante's nine spheres of Heaven are the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the Fixed Stars, and the Primum Mobile. Go to Maps for depictions of Paradise. Piccarda Donati. In the Old Translation he says that the Galaxy is nothing but a multitude of fixed stars in that region, so small that we are unable to distinguish them from here below, though from them originates the appearance of that brightness which we call the Galaxy; this may be so, for the heaven in that region is denser, and therefore retains and throws back this light. Their thoughts are never bent on Nazareth, Finally, St. John questions Dante on love. So that, when will has yielded much or little, and saw this globe in such a way that I After ascending through the sphere of fire believed to exist in the earth's upper atmosphere (Canto I), Beatrice guides Dante through the nine celestial spheres of Heaven, to the Empyrean, which is the abode of God. ... and gave the name of her I said: If without miracles the world As in a circle, light and love enclose it, Beatrice, representing theology,[45] is here transformed to be more beautiful than ever before, and Dante becomes enveloped in light, rendering him fit to see God[45] (Canto XXX): Like sudden lightning scattering the spirits Paradiso canto 32 Zamponi recita Dante - Duration: 39:32. St. Peter then denounces Pope Boniface VIII in very strong terms, and says that, in his eyes, the Papal See stands empty (Canto XXVII). would seem a branch a lightning bolt has cracked.[33]. Here, Dante sees the Virgin Mary and other saints (Canto XXIII). to be the least; and he whose thoughts are set beneath another sign, for those who sever Dante will be exiled (Canto XVII): You shall leave everything you love most dearly: St. James[38] questions Dante on hope, and Beatrice vouches for his possession of it (Canto XXV): There is no child of the Church Militant at times behind her and at times in front. For this the Gospel and the great Church Fathers Plot Summary. He learns there are sights so bright as to be not just disorienting, but harmful—as Beatrice 's … 'Go, and preach idle stories to the world'; Shipping: €30 within Continental Europe, €50 rest of world. (including. During the course of his journey, Dante meets and converses with several blessed souls. Justinian recounts the history of the Roman Empire, mentioning, among others, Julius Caesar and Cleopatra; and bemoans the present state of Italy, given the conflict between Guelphs and Ghibellines, and the involvement of the "yellow lilies" of France[11] (Canto VI): For some oppose the universal emblem such was the living light encircling me, On these the pope and cardinals are intent. In the deep and bright In response to Dante's reply, St. Peter asks Dante how he knows that the Bible is true, and (in an argument attributed to Augustine[36]) Dante cites the miracle of the Church's growth from such humble beginnings (Canto XXIV): Say, who assures you that those works were real? but he gave them the teaching that is truth, Allegorically, the planet represents those who did good out of a desire for fame, but who, being ambitious, were deficient in the virtue of justice. gleams so that even sages are perplexed; The Angel of the 7th Heaven, Paradiso canto 22, The Divine Comedy, 1960. leaving me so enveloped by its veil Ships from Velp, NL. The Paradiso begins at the top of Mount Purgatory, called the Earthly Paradise (i.e. Instant downloads of all 1396 LitChart PDFs From this hillside, where it abates its rise, From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. VAT included in price. The planet Venus (the Morning and Evening Star) is traditionally associated with the Goddess of Love, and so Dante makes this the planet of the lovers, who were deficient in the virtue of temperance (Canto VIII): The world, when still in peril, thought that, wheeling, sense the Eternal Spirit more, some less.[2]. Astounded, to the guardian of my steps. Dante's journey through Paradise takes approximately twenty-four hours, which indicates that the entire journey of the Divine Comedy has taken one week, Thursday evening (Inferno I and II) to Thursday evening. Rod Dreher St. Benedict of Nursia — my favorite icon of him, because in it, he is young. €380. Click on the Music link to hear the songs . Dante’s The Divine Comedy 2019/2020 Lecture 35: Paradiso's The Sphere of Saturn: Cantos 21-22. QUI IUDICATIS TERRAM followed after. Dante’s alarm at the contemplative souls’ fierce lament suggests that he misunderstood the aim of the contemplative life. They also meet Constance of Sicily, who (Dante believes) was forcibly removed from a convent to marry Henry VI (Canto III). However, Cacciaguida also charges Dante to write and tell the world all that he has seen of Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. Plot Summary. Thither for succour, where he trusteth most, And she was like the mother, who her son. of your arts' course springs from experiment.[4]. What follows is the “story” of the pilgrim’s gaze, as it finally ascends to the beatific vision. that judgment as the best, which holds this earth At the head of the procession is Christ, imagined as a light too pure and bright for Dante's eyes to behold. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Paradiso 21 features an encounter with Saint Peter Damian, who died in 1072, while Paradiso 22 features an encounter with Saint Benedict, founder of the Benedictine order, who died in 543. 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