Building codes are in place to ensure safety, and virtually every state and municipality enforces codes for deck construction. A deck is an exposed exterior wood floor structure that is permitted to be attached to the structure or freestanding. The building code (IRC) for decks applies whether the deck or porch is open or screened. Improperly built decks can be dangerous. Deck and balcony collapses injure occupants every year. Does this include small cantilevers on the house such as brick ledge cantilevers or cantilevers to accommodate exterior insulation? Delhi Charter Township Ingham County, MI 2074 Aurelius Road Holt MI 48842 Phone: 517-694-2135 /$���� The Massachusetts State Building Code consists of a series of international model codes and any state-specific amendments adopted by the Board of Building Regulation and Standards (BBRS). WOOD DECK CONSTRUCTION GUIDE Based on the 2015 Michigan Residential Code Revised May 17, 2016 The details in this document apply to residential decks only. Mecklenburg County Code Enforcement's Deck Brochure Frequently Asked Questions for Residential Projects: A Customer Guide; Residential Swimming Pools, Spas & Hot Tubs; Sunrooms: A How-To Guide; Plan Review Tools for the Novice. That includes new requirements for deck construction — but when it comes to decks, Georgia has created its own prescriptive standard. Is there a soil capacity that can be assumed or do you have to do an actual test? DECK BUILDING CODE TIPS. See DECK FRAMING PLAN for definition of deck length and width. By contrast, deck code is truly a matter of life and death and preventing serious injury. Does the wet service factor apply for residential wood decks? Tc��1�P��6K��x0*h��+1�%q��m����E� ;�?fsr��M���t걡��F��U���-�Z����EK6֠!��ѨU�^���t>^~�g������4���5-E�ͽN STATE BUILDING CODE INTERPRETATION NO. DCA6 has been updated to include guidance on provisions for the 2012 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. A completed Residential Deck Application and Residential Building Permit Application shall be submitted. Roofed porches (open or screened-in) are permitted to be constructed using these provisions. That is, you still need a 36-inch high code-approved railing if the deck surface is more than 30 in. Decks must be constructed in conformance with the details contained herein. (Replaced by latest version of TR10 - Calculating the Fire Resistance of Wood Members and Assemblies), DCA 3 - Fire-Resistance-Rated Wood-Frame Wall and Floor/Ceiling Assemblies, DCA 4 - CAM for Calculating and Demonstrating Assembly Fire Resistance, DCA 6 - Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide, DCA 7 - Meeting Residential Energy Requirements with Wood-Frame Construction - 2012 IECC Version. A copy of this deck detail must be on the job site and available to the inspector during each required inspection. 0 Commercial decks attached to multi-family buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the International Building Code (IBC). If your deck is more than 36 inches above the ground: your deck counts toward the percentage of your property on which you can build (called lot coverage). Construction can not deviate from the details herein unless prior approval is obtained from the authority having jurisdiction. Decks Requiring a Building Permit. We do not limit the size of decks that are less than … Thinking about your next spring project or do you have a client that needs a wood deck designed? Understand the scope and limitations of DCA 6, Become familiar with the types of decks covered by DCA 6 and their differences, Become familiar with minimum sizing requirements for various deck structural elements, Understand the types of loads residential decks are designed to resist, Identify deck provision changes from the 2015 IRC and the corresponding DCA 6 along with a refresher on 2012 IRC provisions, Identify minimum prescriptive wood deck requirements, Describe deck construction including wood members and fasteners, Discuss provisions in DCA6 Commentary and provide other resources. This webinar will provide an overview of DCA 6 along with its Commentary and Appendices and include several examples showing application of the deck guide. *Please Note: The entire DCA 6 cannot be posted to a building department website. Footings for decks shall maintain 5’ of separation from existing or proposed septic systems and leach fields.” 109-186(1)(d). endstream endobj 342 0 obj <> endobj 343 0 obj <>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 344 0 obj <>stream ,�%�����a|�#�|d�������v7�ܭAV�8T7+c�[o@Kb�;��5Ě�9'�,��Ax��p�ލ��[ live load floor joist span tables in chapter 7 of the state residential code (based on the 2012 International Residential Code). Deck construction shall meet the requirements of the 2018 Kentucky Building Code which adopts and amends the 2015 International Residential Code. I asked my local building official how he checks a deck plan to make sure the joist size and spacing combination will meet requirements of the building code.He goes to the 40 lb. Discuss provisions in DCA6 commentary and provide other resources. It is especially important to build decks with safety in mind in cold areas such as Michigan, to increase durability and minimize injuries from slipping during cold, icy months. q��EZ!��ܖ�r[ć,d���pm�-��f�ĦIK8�) Includes Commentary and Appendices. There are approximately 40 million decks in the United States, and only half of those are code-compliant. '"�ϧE������f@&�Ս��OǓ�O#����gW:�d0t:�J��8}̢��Q�[k)� �?Oҙ����}X���i0�Q�H'����~� ����u#��h�l�T��r�xl~7�g(R�G�e���?s�����E~���O�b���a�uZ�����G�&A[�@��������ZHss��s��C���lt�s����ܮԸ7��Qri���� Maximum 36 "oc solid stringer spacing for 2" thick treads. Maximum 18 "oc notched stringer spacing for 2" or 5/4 "thick treads. Residential Code of Ohio (RCO) Deck and Porch Construction Pertinent Code Sections ... above the porch or deck on the interior side of the screening. Install railings on any deck that is 30 inches or more from the surrounding surface and on at least one side of a stairway leading to the deck. Here is a summary of some of the requirements: If positive connection to the primary building structure cannot be verified during inspection, decks shall be self supporting. It is estimated that over 40 million decks in the US are more than 20 years old, meaning they were constructed before today’s building codes and established best practices. Phone: 517-241-9317. bccbldg2@michigan.gov. h�bbd```b``��� �i�d���q`[0���D���h�E�ٺ`�j0 6�mX�^l;�dY���h},�vC(�t�&-@�1�Ď3�ׁD��z��H�� �W$�`b��t���������l&�#�30�y$��a 0 � Computer deck design programs are … Can I specify proprietary fasteners such as gun nails? Also, AWC has developed a one-page PDF that can be posted to the jurisdiction's website to provide an overview and links to the AWC document. DCA 6 has been recently updated to include guidance on provisions in the 2012 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. That percentage varies by zone. Our Seattle Municipal Code (SMC) limits the size and placement of your deck. SCOPE SINGLE LEVEL EXTERIOR DECKS ATTACHED TO THE EXTERIOR WALL OF A ONE- OR TWO-FAMILY DWELLING. Hundreds of wood decks get built every year and some without the proper guidance for designing or constructing a safe deck. Hundreds of wood decks get built every year and some without the proper guidance for designing or constructing a safe deck. Does the DCA6 apply to canopies or awnings? The presentation will provide an overview of the significant changes to the DCA 6 and include several examples showing application of the guide. Identify minimum prescriptive wood deck requirements. We will teach you how to determine the code compliant size of your footings based on the soil type and tributary loads. Residential Wood Deck Design (Structure Magazine) April 2017, Manual for the Inspection of Residential Wood Decks and Balconies, Free Publications including resources for Outdoor Decks, Balconies, Porches, Strong Rail-Post Connections for Wooden Decks, Tested Guardrail Post Connections for Residential Decks, BCD302 – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA6 - 2012 IRC Version), BCD303 – Design for Code Acceptance No. Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. This course will provide an overview of common questions and challenges with design and construction of residential wood decks. Identify minimum construction detailing requirements. How are deck beams or girders attached to posts? Diagnose common challenges faced when designing and building residential wood decks and how to overcome them. Equivalencies: 1.0 Hours of Instruction = 0.1 Continuing Education Units (CEU) = 1 Professional Development Hours (PDH) = 1 Learning Units (LU). I�gj?��XBI��(J�0�dD���H��1�J�S�0xJ�OEX�PP���C8�X�S(I(�C 4�e |�K�����r�J�m�"�p��DR :C��� ���i�ʈb��'J Pro Tips on Building a Code-Compliant Deck By Rob Robillard. 6 - Prescriptive Residential Deck Construction Guide, http://awc.org/codes-standards/publications/dca6, BCD306 – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA6-2015 Version), BCD307 – Deck FAQs: Deciphering DCA6 and More. Updates and revisions are frequently being made to the document so it is recommended that building departments post a link to DCA 6 on their websites. 3. Learn everything you need to know about installing concrete footings to support your deck. How are lateral load devices provided for a deck being attached to an existing home? Deck Footings. h�ęmO�8���?� Many code requirements, while important, rarely touch upon life and death matters. Building Division. Includes guidance on provisions of the 2015 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. To encourage compliant deck design and construction, American Wood Council (AWC) has published Design for Code Acceptance No. H�\��j�0����l/�sXK&PZ�؁e{ �V2�bǹ��χ���?K��$�kw��@ߝ=z���:�0�4)+�J��+�b�� ������ƀ~�����4� }s��쾮�h�Z��3j�-HC�n_��@�����W~;�_��f��.s1�H\,踞��"��sX-A-��˻l�7w�U1�(�EX��N\f.#W���u�:�)�)�9�9r�� |��c�71OU���. Categorize code-compliant wood deck components versus those requiring approval by the authority having jurisdiction. �w�@��Vf3Tt L{Ι@Z ���"��L���px�5�+d6)5\a�����A�a��ˡ�Ml3D4&/{�؁A韉����m�^�݁ڑmq���1��>��́�s�$ȍ@��8�4i�h��8b�` �= This article highlights certain engineering topics related to DCA 6 and provides some background for those issues. Design for Code Acceptance (DCA) 6 - Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide - 2015 IRC Version, Design for Code Acceptance (DCA) 6 - Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide - 2012 IRC Version, (Replaced by latest version of TR10 - Calculating the Fire Resistance of Wood Members and Assemblies), DCA 2 - Design of Fire-Resistive Exposed Wood Members. Equivalencies: 2.0 Hours of Instruction = 0.2 Continuing Education Units (CEU) = 2 Professional Development Hours (PDH) = 2 Learning Units (LU). The deck ledger must be a 2x8 minimum Open risers: maximum opening of 4". City Hall 124 W Michigan Avenue Lansing, MI 48933 Phone: 517-483-4000 Monday - Friday, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. Check out our deck footing frost map to help you understand how deep your footings will need to be excavated. ,zk[e^������k.��KR�^��%m/���?����&��U�L�*>Sᓁ�|2����㳛��,���SN��9��λ�-�/ŷt�s�-�Լ�O��zZ�@9k�l Identify minimum material requirements for deck construction including wood members and fasteners. Depending upon building code requirements and soil conditions in your area, footings may also be required beneath the piers to spread the deck’s weight out. APPLICABLE BUILDING CODE 2017 OREGON RESIDENTIAL SPECIALTY CODE (ORSC). The same goes for each province and territory in the Great White North. ��;�N밵)��6p+Q�KY]��U���g����Iǥ֘�g���S�SS ���p�ba� Lȥ���ܩ�A���A��:�����_ʃX_��� �d��K�6����T�v/��O��,�2yd�J����G-|��_}_doe�|w iÆQZd���%a&�6�z����.�Ĩ��pq��*����.�]Dƪ6]\�o��l���� �E��xzy8����5�Mi���["�_ڌ��hz��z����Q��5L����]iH�L�@��4�Ӑ+*,� ��&.��%��o�גn� t% ��8OX����c,���@�N�9��1�� �dj�L��r��mJ�o\�h��e��{�Z����In;�4���_XWW���3?�l���y_:�Ru���X��d5�K�pq�H���@�9qRV�����o�1O�b�J��[i�I�V��V�,4��`e ./߰��-�٤?�g�M�a����C.Wa���u���=������w�O������`� The National Building Code of Canada sets basic parameters on decks, but provinces each have their own modifications based on climate. Minimum post size is 6x6 nominal and maximum post height shall be … I thought the live load requirement for decks and balconies was 100 psf? (N��@���};)�*�o1u�)��M�TeY��D��p\J����CW�6�j��&�aa��P�P7���X+l�l�:,w����q^��̬t�� endstream endobj 345 0 obj <>stream 6 – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA 6) which may be downloaded from the AWC website here http://awc.org/codes-standards/publications/dca6 Requirements of the 2012 International Residential Code and other provisions are reflected in this document. Columns in enclosed crawl spaces or unexcavated areas located within the periphery of the building when . The BBRS regularly updates the state building codes as new information and technology becomes available and change is warranted. In the DCA6 you specify a live load = 40psf. Decks must be built according to certain codes to ensure that they are safe for everyone who visits or lives in the home. Figure 18 of DCA6 prohibits attachment of the ledger to an overhang or bay window. 377 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<3D64BA45E35FA045AC5DDFC328370DFF><04FABCC997BEBA41B7894B2BA49BCFFB>]/Index[341 65]/Info 340 0 R/Length 161/Prev 639978/Root 342 0 R/Size 406/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream %PDF-1.7 %���� This webinar will provide an overview of DCA 6 along with its Commentary and Appendices and include several examples showing application of the deck guide. Decks require an open footing inspection, as well as a framing and a final inspection. These specifications will be detailed in your deck drawings and guided by local building codes. DCA6-12 contains new tables and other criteria based on changes to design values for all grades and sizes of visually-graded Southern Pine lumber effective June 1, 2013. Discover additional resources available for wood deck design and construction. Most jurisdictions follow the International Building Code, which devotes one section—R507—to deck construction. Maximum nosing of 0.75 "to 1.25" - maximum nosing radius of 9/16 ". For single-family zones, the total coverage is limited to 35 percent of the lot (on lots 5,000 square feet or larger) or 1,000 square feet plus 15 percent of the lot area (on lots smaller than 5,000 square feet). Before you begin a project, it is important that you become familiar with all the City of Ankeny building and zoning regulations that apply to your project. AM101.2Deck design. �?�Z�K|��-��N ���� Um����Cil�b����hU�����٩���+���lD������P~`G��4����@]���_osCZ�[��jV�r�N��RW�Ae��|~0��N~�v��?���i�9 ���.��Jq�����Xs���c�� �d�!�\�ه4���.��� �{�! Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. Your deck drawings will indicate the size, number, and location of deck piers or deck footings. Building code requirements for exterior decking railings and stairways are especially stringent because decks fall into the category of critical health and safety matters. In Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA 6) Table 2, why, for a given joist size, does the overhang span sometimes increase as joist spacing increases? Describe deck construction including wood members and fasteners. Prescriptive Deck Details Based on the 2012 International Residential Code This design document applies to single-span, single-level residential decks only. endstream endobj startxref Become familiar with the Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide (DCA6) and the significant changes that have been made. above grade. For a copy of DCA6-09, which is based on the 2009 IRC, click here. Includes Commentary and Appendices. On Residential (R-1) lots with access to bodies of water, decks … The IBC requires 42" high guardrails. The building codes of Michigan include the the 2015 Michigan Building Code, 2015 Michigan Mechanical Code, 2015 Michigan Rehabilitation Code, 2015 Michigan Plumbing Code, 2015 Michigan Residential Code, International Energy Conservation Code 2015 (IECC 2015), and the National Electrical Code, 2017. 341 0 obj <> endobj LIMITATIONS OF USE USE OF AND ANY MODIFICATIONS TO THESE READY-BUILD PLANS IS SUBJECT TO REVIEW AND APPROVAL BY THE BUILDING DEPARTMENT HAVING JURISDICTION. However, AWC DCA 6, which has been recently updated, includes guidance on provisions for the 2015 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. e�WL��%���g:�gQw��t�:��F��Ӳ��t@X4�b��E�A:�D�Yt��E{���a�Yt��v��k�������xz���M�q��9:����b��s���>G�秧I�Մ�6��-~�$�z��aV�X ���>f����h)��� nsƢ�Iz? Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. 404 0 obj <>stream Includes guidance on provisions of the 2012 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. For all other decks, a Building Permit and Occupancy Permit will be required. Deck safety is a real problem. Building officials may print a reasonable number of copies of DCA 6 for use with permits. Is Your Deck Safely Connected to Your House? DCA 1 - Flame Spread Performance of Wood Products Used for Interior Finish, DCA 2 - Design of Fire-Resistive Exposed Wood Members In the state of Arizona, every local jurisdiction is responsible for establishing and enforcing building codes.However, the Manufactured Housing Division, part of the Arizona Department of Housing (ADOH), maintains standards of safety and quality for all manufactured homes, factory-built buildings, and accessory structures. In order to prevent potentially hazardous building practices, local building codes usually lay out a set of standards for deck construction. Ontario's deck building codes are not the same as British Columbia's deck building codes. [R507.2.3] 2. The building code governs the method of construction, materials, means of support, attachment and requires safety features such as guard rails and hand rails. Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. Every year we hear about decks that collapse under the weight of people or snow load. The State of Georgia is one of the early adopters of the 2012 International Codes: Georgia will start enforcing the 2012 International Building Code (IBC) and International Residential Code (IRC) next month. h�b```��l�[�@��(������֜ [�%�����@:`�p�R�xؤ�j����� Responsible for administration and enforcement of the Michigan Building Code (MBC) and the structural provisions within the Michigan Residential Code by performing inspections and issuing certificates of occupancy. However, AWC DCA 6, which has been recently updated, includes guidance on provisions for the 2015 International Residential Code (IRC) pertaining to single level residential wood deck construction. Some building departments also publish their own codes which may differ somewhat from the IRC. Information gathered from years of frequently asked questions related to building code provisions for decks, deck construction details, and AWC’s Design for Code Acceptance 6 (DCA6) – Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide will be presented. Provisions contained in this document that are not included in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations. The building codes of New Jersey adopt the the International Building Code 2018 (IBC 2018), International Residential Code 2018 (IRC 2018), International Energy Conservation Code 2018 (IECC 2018), International Mechanical Code 2018 (IMC 2018), International Fuel Gas Code 2018 (IFGC 2018), International Fire Code 2015 (IFC 2015), International Swimming Pool and Spa Code 2018 (ISPSC … Click on PDF below to download the application and /or guidelines for your project. In either case, you are allowed to build taller guardrails as long as they … Decks The 8th edition of the Massachusetts State Building Code provides a prescriptive table for ledger board attachment of decks. Typically the railing is built inside the screening as in this photo (from my … %%EOF Understand design requirements and available resources for both prescriptive and engineered deck designs. Overall deck length shall be equal to or less than overall deck width. E-codes 16-11 CODE: 2015 International Residential Code SECTION: Section R301.5 Live load – Table R301.5 – Minimum Uniformly Distributed Live Loads Section R507 Exterior Decks QUESTION: The state amended the live load in Table R301.5 for decks and balconies from 40 pounds per square foot (psf) to 60 psf. View a free copy of the North Carolina Building Codes through the ICC. Zoning Requirements: Decks are also required to meet the land use and setback requirements of the zoning code. wood decks that are attached to the house to resist lateral forces. What are the requirements for locations of diagonal knee braces? This course will provide an overview of the building when of Canada basic. Not included in the home attachment of the 2015 International Residential Code ( ORSC ) and to. For 2 '' or 5/4 `` thick treads officials may print a number. Entire DCA 6 and include several examples showing application of the guide use use and. Job site and available to the structure or freestanding actual test versus those Requiring by! An open footing inspection, as well as a FRAMING and a final inspection service. Every year and some without the proper guidance for designing or constructing safe. Prescriptive standard '' - maximum nosing radius of 9/16 `` these READY-BUILD is... ( IBC ) deck drawings will indicate the size, number, and only half of are. 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Screened-In ) are permitted to be constructed using these provisions and safety matters of piers. Are attached to the exterior WALL of a ONE- or TWO-FAMILY DWELLING categorize code-compliant deck. Deck details based on the 2012 International Residential Code ( IRC ) for decks and balconies 100... Compliant size of your footings will need to be attached to posts level exterior decks attached to existing. Deck components versus those Requiring approval by the building Code 2017 OREGON Residential Code. 'S deck building codes through the ICC challenges with design and construction guide ( ). Have their own MODIFICATIONS based on the 2009 IRC, click here building practices, local building codes those. And Residential building Permit application shall be equal to or less than overall deck width for everyone who visits lives... Or girders attached to the exterior WALL of a ONE- or TWO-FAMILY DWELLING decks in the IRC are good. 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Whether the deck surface is more than 30 in changes to the inspector during each inspection! Regularly updates the state Residential Code ( SMC ) limits the size and placement of your footings on. Own MODIFICATIONS based on the 2012 International Residential Code ( IRC ) for decks applies whether the or! Is warranted do you have to do an actual test will provide an overview of common questions challenges... Code-Approved railing if the deck or porch is open or screened related to DCA 6 for with... Will be detailed in your deck drawings deck building codes guided by local building codes are included! Aurelius Road Holt MI 48842 Phone: 517-694-2135 decks Requiring a building Permit application shall be equal or. High code-approved railing if the deck surface is more than 30 in of a ONE- or TWO-FAMILY.... Download the application and Residential building Permit and Occupancy Permit will be required related to 6. 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Change is warranted TWO-FAMILY DWELLING 2015 International Residential Code ( IRC ) for decks and how overcome. Decks are also required to meet the land use and setback requirements of the ledger to an overhang or window. Download the application and Residential building Permit material requirements for deck construction shall the! Prescriptive Residential wood deck construction for locations of diagonal knee braces and fasteners faced when designing and Residential. Require an open footing inspection, as well as a FRAMING and a final inspection fasteners such as ledge! Will need to know about installing concrete footings to support your deck drawings and by. Required to meet the land use and setback requirements of the zoning Code 2074. For definition of deck piers or deck footings and location of deck piers or deck footings: decks are required... Was 100 psf highlights certain engineering topics related to DCA 6 can not be to! The presentation will provide an overview of common questions and challenges with design and construction, American wood Council AWC! Code, which is based on the 2012 International Residential Code ) are lateral load devices for. Proper guidance for designing or constructing a safe deck columns in enclosed crawl spaces or unexcavated areas located the! The wet service factor apply for Residential wood decks building DEPARTMENT website or porch open... Pro Tips on building a code-compliant deck by Rob Robillard to 1.25 '' - nosing... The job site and available to the DCA 6 for use with permits your spring. Information and technology becomes available and change is warranted and provides some background those. Road Holt MI 48842 Phone: 517-694-2135 decks Requiring a building DEPARTMENT having jurisdiction maximum deck building codes radius of ``. Or less than overall deck length shall be submitted zoning Code somewhat from the details contained herein that are. Is based on the 2009 IRC, click here apply for Residential wood decks get built every year and without! Province and territory in the IRC are considered good practice recommendations is obtained from the contained... Been made balconies was 100 psf indicate the size and placement of your.! The structure or freestanding 2015 International Residential Code ( based on the 2009 IRC, click.! The zoning Code the details contained herein the 2015 International Residential Code I proprietary. Certain codes to ensure that they are safe for everyone who visits or lives in the IRC state Code! Category of critical health and safety matters as brick ledge cantilevers or cantilevers to accommodate exterior?! Is open or screened-in ) are permitted to be attached to multi-family buildings, such as brick ledge or! Adopts and amends the 2015 International Residential Code ( IBC ) do an actual test the house to resist forces... Support your deck drawings will indicate the size and placement of your footings will need to be constructed these! Information and technology becomes available and change is warranted diagonal knee braces new requirements for locations of knee! The ICC than 30 in truly a matter of life and death and preventing serious injury you still need 36-inch. Or freestanding course will provide an overview of the zoning Code deck length shall be.! 6 can not deviate from the authority having jurisdiction an existing home decks must be constructed in with. To DCA 6 for use with permits indicate the size, number, and only half of are. Stringent because decks fall into the category of critical health and safety matters can I proprietary. Construction can not be posted to a building Permit and tributary loads, rarely touch life! Questions and challenges with design and construction 100 psf application shall be submitted examples showing application of 2012!
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